The St. Andrews Trophy – 2016 Preview and Results

21st July 2016

Click here to view the complete – MATCH RESULTS

David BOOTE bravely pared the 18th hole at Prince’s Golf Club this evening to secure the point which enabled Great Britain & Ireland to half the match 12.5-12.5.

As the holders the draw was good enough to ensure GB&I retained the St. Andrews Trophy they won in Sweden back in 2014.

Given they started the day 4-8 down to the Continent of Europe they will surely view the final score as a moral victory if not exactly a numerical one.

Great Britain & Ireland Retain The St. Andrews Trophy (Photo: Darren Plant) 

GB&I quickly got back on track this morning. Whereas yesterday all four of the foursomes games were lost today was thankfully a totally different story – GB&I winning the series 3.5-1.5. Stuart GREHAN and Scott GREGORY (5&4) led the team out and quickly secured the first point of the day against Italian pair Luca CIANCHETTI and Stefano MAZZOLI. Equally impressive were Grant FORREST and Connor SYME (4&3) who dealt with Matthias SCHWAB and Guido MIGLIOZZI. Jack HUME and David BOOTE were GB&I’s other outright winners.

This afternoon’s singles were again a rollercoaster affair. Just like yesterday GB&I got off to a strong start before Europe pegged them back.

There were crucial early wins for Scott GREGORY (2 holes), Stuart GREHAN (4&3, 7 under par when his match against Luca CIANCHETTI ended on the 15th) and Alfie PLANT (4&3).

Jack HUME was then unlucky to lose to Stefano MAZZOLI (1 hole) who birdied the last 3 holes to turn their game around. After losses for Grant FORREST (2&1) and Jamie BOWER (3&2) Scottish pair Connor SYME and Robert MACINTYRE secured important halves, both birdieing the short 374 yard 16th to draw level before seeing out their matches with pars.

All eyes started to drift to the 8th game in the series – David BOOTE against Ivan CANTERO GUTIERREZ. For much of the afternoon this had appeared a given for GB&I. Boote had got off to a great start which he consolidated with birdies on 12 and 13 to go 4Up with 5 to play. However, the highly rated Cantero Gutierrez refused to lie down and before we knew it birdies for the Spaniard on the 14th and 15th followed by a mistake by Boote on 17 saw the Surrey-based Welshman having to defend a 1Up lead going down 18.

Thankfully the experienced David Boote was up to the task and with the final hole of the game and match halved Captain Craig WATSON could breathe a sigh of relief and the GB&I supporters could begin celebrating.

Here are the updated Individual Team Contributions for the 2016 St. Andrews Trophy: –

Screen Shot 2016-07-21 at 18.55.13



20th July 2016 – Day 2 Draws

DRAW – 21st July – Day 2 Morning Foursomes

For Great Britain & Ireland Grant FORREST has been drafted into the foursomes. He will pair up with Connor SYME in game 3 with Robert MACINTYRE stepping down. Captain Craig WATSON has kept his other pairings unchanged and will give his players the opportunity to redeem themselves in a format that normally favours GB&I.

Unsurprisingly European captain Yves HOFSTETTER has left his foursome pairings well alone.

With both captains tweaking their running orders none of today’s games are repeated. At this stage one can only speculate on what difference this may make to the series result.

DRAW – 21st July – Day 2 Afternoon Singles

All 18 players are competing in the Day 2 singles with no players rested.

The draw has thrown up 3 Day 1 re-matches – Scott GREGORY v. Jeroen KRIETEMEIJER, Stuart GREHAN v. Luca CIANCHETTI and Alfie PLANT v. Mario GALIANO.



20th July 2016 – Day 1 Report

Day 1 of the St. Andrews trophy proved to be a triumph for the Continent of Europe. They will take an 8-4 advantage into tomorrow’s final day.


Great Britain & Ireland’s new captain Craig WATSON could not have got off to a worse start this morning. His four foursomes pairings all lost, not one able to take their match beyond the 17th hole at Prince’s Golf Club.

GB&I fought back in the singles and for much of the afternoon it looked as if Day 1 parity could be rescued. Scott GREGORY (3&2), Jack HUME (5&4), Connor SYME (5&4) and Stuart GREHAN (6&4) all won to salvage some personal pride.  However, late losses for Grant FORREST (2&1), David BOOTE (3&1), Alfie PLANT (1 hole) and perhaps most notably, given the lead he held, Robert MACINTYRE (1 hole) saw the second series ultimately halved 4-4.

Europe’s Mario GALIANOIvan CANTERO GUTIERREZ, Robin PETERSSON and Matthias SCHWAB will all take 100% unbeaten records into Day 2.

Europe have won only once on GB&I soil in the history of the match – at Portmarnock GC in 2012. With a 4 point lead and needing just 5 more points from a possible 13 they will no doubt go in to tomorrow’s identical series of games in confident mood, optimistic of a 6th victory.

Here is my analysis of the Day 1 Individual Player Contributions: –

Screen Shot 2016-07-20 at 21.52.38



19th July 2016 – Day 1 Draws

The draws for tomorrow’s St. Andrews Trophy foursomes and singles matches were announced this afternoon.

For Great Britain & Ireland Grant FORREST sits out the foursomes on Day 1 whilst Jamie BOWER misses out in the singles. Europe’s Jeroen KRIETEMEIJER has to wait for the afternoon singles for his first competitive action whilst Victor VEYRET will play in just the foursomes.

Here are the Day 1 draw / live scoring links: –

Live Scores

DRAW – 20th July – Day 1 Morning Foursomes

DRAW – 20th July – Day 2 Afternoon Singles




17th July 2016 – Preview

The 31st St. Andrews Trophy is being contested on Wednesday 20th and Thursday 21st July at Prince’s Golf Club in Kent, England.

This amateur men’s team match has been played biennially between Great Britain & Ireland and the Continent of Europe since 1956. It was originally established by The R&A to give more European countries the chance to play at the highest level and GB&I players more team match play experience for the Walker Cup which is held in alternate years with this event.

The St. Andrews Trophy was put forward for the match by the Royal and Ancient GC of St Andrews in 1963.

St Andrews Trophy GBI Team 2014

2014 GB&I Team (Photo: R&A / Getty Images)

2016 Teams

Captain Craig WATSON (Scotland) and The R&A announced the nine players to represent GB&I on 10th July. Each player’s Scratch Player’s World Amateur Ranking (SPWAR), as of today, is noted in brackets behind their name and nationality.

David BOOTE, 22, Walton Heath, Wales (33)
Jamie BOWER, 23, Meltham, England (10)
Grant FORREST, 23, Craigielaw, Scotland (11)
Scott GREGORY, 21, Corhampton, England (31)
Stuart GREHAN, 23, Tullamore, Ireland (68)
Jack HUME, 22, Naas, Ireland (8)
Robert MACINTYRE, 19, Glencruitten, Scotland (18)
Alfie PLANT, 24, Sundridge Park, England (51)
Connor SYME, 21, Drumoig, Scotland (15)

Craig HOWIE, 21, Peebles, Scotland and Conor O’ROURKE, 24, Naas, Ireland were named as reserves.

The Europe Team led by non-playing captain Yves HOFSTETTER (Switzerland) was confirmed by the European Golf Association on 15th July. Again current SPWAR’s follow each name and nationality.

Luca CIANCHETTI, Italy (95)
Mario GALIANO, Spain (71)
Jeroen KRIETEMEIJER, Netherlands (725)
Stefano MAZZOLI, Italy (76)
Guido MIGLIOZZI, Italy (119)
Robin PETERSSON, Sweden (92)
Matthias SCHWAB, Austria (7)
Victor VEYRET, France (108)

The total SPWAR team score for GB&I is 245 whilst it is 1,340 for Europe. Whilst matches are not won on past form it is clear that GB&I have the greater strength in depth and must therefore start as firm favourites. Home advantage by way of greater links experience may be mitigated this week due to the sunny weather forecast.

Unfortunately the match clashes with the Le Vaudreuil Golf Challenge in France on the European Challenge Tour. Ugo COUSSAUD (FRA – 63), Thomas PERROT (FRA – 126) Antoine ROZNER (FRA – 23) and Adrian MERONK (POL – 11) have all been invited to play as amateurs. Good news for GB&I, bad news for Europe.

Match Format 

The St Andrews Trophy format consists of match play foursomes and singles matches.

Wednesday 20th June AM – Foursomes x 4
Wednesday 20th June PM – Singles x 8
Thursday 21st June AM – Foursomes x 4
Thursday 21st June PM – Singles x 9

With a maximum total of 25 points available and one point awarded for each match a team will be required to accumulate 13 points to secure victory. GB&I can of course retain the Trophy by reaching 12.5 points.

Prince’s Golf Club

Prince’s Golf Club is located alongside Royal St. George’s in Sandwich Bay, Kent. Whilst it can’t match the history of it’s illustrious neighbour it is certainly noteworthy in its own right.


Prince’s Golf Club (Photo: Prince’s Golf Club)

Prince’s most famous moment came in 1932 when it staged the 67th Open Championship, won wire-to-wire by US golfing legend Gene Sarazen.

Following the Second World War, when once again the course was requisitioned by the military for training, Sir Guy Campbell and John Morrison were engaged to to redesign and restore the course.

More recently it has been used as a Local Final Qualifying course for the 2011 Open Championship. It co-hosted The Amateur Championship in 2006 and 2013 and will do so again in 2017. Later this year it will also host the Jacques Leglise Trophy match between the U18 Boy’s of GB&I and Europe.

Since the 1950s Prince’s has had 3 sets of 9 holes, The Shore (3,448 yards), The Dunes (3,432 yards) and The Himalayas (3,201 yards), each playing to a par of 36. The Shore and Dunes are being used for the St. Andrews Trophy.

Weather Forecast

As at Sunday 18th July, 7.00pm the weather forecast looks very good for both the practice and competition days: –

Wed 21st July – Sunny. Wind 17 mph S. Temp. Max. 25°C / Min 16°C.

Thur 22nd July – Sunny. Wind 10 mph W. Temp. Max. 21°C / Min 15°C.

Past Results

To date GB&I have won the St. Andrews Trophy 25 times with Europe having just five wins to their name, albeit two of them came recently in 2010 and 2012. GB&I got back on track in 2014, winning 14-10 at Barsebäck, Sweden.

Here are the historic match results in full: –

Screen Shot 2016-07-17 at 07.38.12

I will of course post links to the live scoring when it becomes available and will add results and player analysis to this article as the match unfolds.


Copyright © 2016, Mark Eley. All rights reserved.

Charles B. Macdonald – A Short Profile

14th November 2014

Charles Blair Macdonald, a player, administrator and architect, was one of the leading figures in the establishment of golf in the United States.

As he was born on this day in 1855 I thought I would find out a bit more about him.  Here are the 10 key facts I discovered in a golfing life well led.

Charles B Macdonald

Charles B. Macdonald (1895)

1. Charles B. Macdonald was born on 14th November 1855  in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.  His father was Scottish and his mother Canadian.  He soon moved to Chicago where he grew up.

2. In 1872 at age 16, he was sent to St. Andrews University in Scotland where he started to play golf.  He took lessons from Old Tom Morris and played matches on the Old Course.

3. He returned to Chicago in 1874 and became a successful stockbroker.  Consumed with work he rarely played golf until his late 30’s.  He moved to Wall Street in New York in 1890 as his career progressed.

4. He built the first 18-hole course in the United States.  The first golf club, St. Andrews Golf Club, outside New York was established in 1888 by a small group of Scottish immigrants.  Macdonald brought the game to Chicago, establishing the Chicago Golf Club in 1892 and building a modest 9-hole course with the support of several business associates.  In 1893 he expanded it to 18-holes thus creating the first full length course in the US.  In 1895 the Club decided to move and Macdonald built a new 18-hole course at Wheaton, where they remain to this day.  The old course is now the site of a 9-hole club, Downers Grove.

5. He was a driving force in the founding of the United States Golf Association (USGA).  In Autumn 1894 he helped arrange a meeting of the leading clubs of the day to establish a national body – delegates from the Chicago GC, St. Andrew’s GC, The Country Club, Newport CC, and Shinnecock Hills GC attended.  The result was the formation of the USGA, whose primary purpose would be to administer a national championship.  Macdonald was named Vice President of the organisation.

6. He won the first U.S. Amateur championship, held in 1895 at the Newport Country Club.  He beat Charles Sands 12 & 11 in the final.  This remains the record winning margin.

7. He is often described as the “father of American golf course architecture”, as he went on to build many notable early courses.  His experience in Scotland enabled him to introduce a more sophisticated design approach with clear strategic thinking evident in his work.  In 1908/09 he part-funded, designed and built the National Golf Links Of America in Southampton, New York.  The course hosted the inaugural Walker cup in 1922 and more recently the 2013 match.  He continued to tweak the National for the rest of his life and it remains to this day one of the premier courses in the world of golf.  He subsequently started to collaborate with Seth Raynor and the two of them designed many other notable courses.

The National Links of America (Photo: Larry Lambrecht)

8. In 1928, Macdonald published ‘Scotland’s Gift: Golf’ a cornerstone book in any high quality golf library.  In it he discusses the spread of golf in the United States from its humble beginnings in the late 1880s to 1927, when there were more than 4,000 courses in the country.  He also talks about some of his golf courses and his design philosophy.

9. He died aged 83 on 21st April 1939.  The 75th anniversary of his passing was earlier this year.

10. In 2007 Macdonald was inducted as a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame, in the Lifetime Achievement category.


I Don’t Like Buggies Even When They Are Pimped Up (Video).

5th & 18th November 2014

No sooner do I post about my dislike for buggies and the impending doom of cart racing around our courses than the very topic finds the golfing headlines – well sort of.

Plum Quick Motors based in Fort Mill, South Carolina, are specialists in high performance golf cart motors.  Last week, on 31st October 2014, their team broke their own world golf-cart speed record – achieving 118.76 m.p.h. at the Darlington Dragway in “Bandit”.  Take a look below: –

Then I read boxer Floyd Mayweather has pimped up a gold-plated ‘Bentley’ buggy for his son.  Take a look at this: –

Floyd Mayweather Buggy

A point I didn’t make in my early post was that Buggies are also dangerous.  Please google cart or buggy accidents on Google if you don’t believe me.  It is often said that aeroplanes are one of the safest forms of transport.  Without knowing the figures I would guess that buggies are one of the most unsafe.  I would love to know the ratio of accidents to buggy rides.

Whilst I accept that the wider adoption of “Bandit” buggies would help solve the slow play problem engulfing golf – for example, a 250-yard drive could be reached in 4.2 seconds – the last thing I want is for buggies to start being glamourised in this way, however entertaining.


Copyright © 2014, Mark Eley. All rights reserved.

I Don’t Like Golf Buggies

30th October 2014

“We need more buggies” my playing partner suddenly blurted out the other day.

He may as well have punched me in the face.  In fact I am sure I recoiled as his words registered with me.  To be fair we were playing a match and as I have never been slow in expressing my dislike for them he may very well have been seeking to distract or disturb me.

Golf Buggies

A Colourful Selection Of Golf Buggies

Perhaps what really grated with me was the fact that objectively he was absolutely right.  We are both members of a traditional private club with a predominantly male membership with an average age of 58.  Just looking across our course we could see four buggies in view from the hole we were playing.  Our Club has six in total and up until recently they hardly ever came out the garage.

The UK population – and therefore golfers (and sadly myself too) – are generally getting fatter and more unhealthy.  Without anyone realising this has been impacting on golf for a while now.  30 years ago most people seemed to carry their clubs.  Some players pulled a trolley.  Nowadays the majority have an electric trolley.  The trend is clear – more people need help getting around and we all prefer the easy option if offered it.  If Club’s provide more buggies then it is inevitable that members will seek to use them in my opinion.  Any modest injury or mild discomfort will soon see golfers clambering for the keys as they seek assistance in covering the 4 or 5 miles they need to play a round.

The buggy or golf cart was invented in 1951 by Merle Williams and for many years was the sole preserve of the US Country Club.  It has gradually infiltrated the UK since but thankfully only to a modest extent, save for the larger resort courses.  Two of the main manufacturers E-Z-Go (1954) and Club Car (1958) have been trading for around 60 years and a quick review of their Parent company’s accounts – Textra Inc and Ingersoll Rand respectively – shows their businesses are both doing quite nicely with sales growing annually.  Interestingly both companies are based in Augusta, Georgia – so this City is famous for more than just The Masters after all !

All I ask of a golf course is well presented tees, fairways, bunkers and greens (with holes and flags).  Frankly, I see no need for bins, benches, halfway houses (although I appreciate a modest toilet facility is appropriate), shelters and most of all buggies.  Golf is a game that should be played on foot.  If you can no longer walk around the course then it’s simply time to move on.  It is no different to more active sports such as football and rugby – when you can no longer run around the field or the recovery time becomes too long you know it is time to find something else to do (often golf).  I fear more buggies will be coming to our Club soon and inevitably to your course too soon.  If you don’t want your course to turn into a race track or to see buggies parked up beside the clubhouse then get ready to push back.  I will be.


Copyright © 2014, Mark Eley. All rights reserved.

Leave Golf Alone 1

29th October 2014

Eri Crum’s victory in the World SpeedGolf Championship, held at the Bandon Dunes Golf Resort last weekend, got me thinking about all the golf derivatives that seem to have sprung up in recent years.

For the record 39-year-old Crum, a former Stanford University golf captain and the runner-up in the 2013 Championship, shot a 4-over-par 76 in 46 minutes and 1 second for a SpeedGolf total score of 122.01.  He earned $10,600 for his impressive performance and win in Oregon. Speedgolf

Golf + Running = SpeedGolf

Whilst I don’t want to knock anything that is golf-related I have to admit to getting a bit tired of all these different versions of ‘golf’.

If golf remains at the heart of the matter then fine.  Who can argue with hickory golf or for that matter miniature golf.

However, if you want to kick a football, go running or throw a frisbee into a metal net then do it but keep golf out of it.  Golf is golf and doesn’t need hijacking.  It may not be perfect and could certainly do with being a bit quicker at times but we just don’t need all of these distractions in my view.


Copyright © 2014, Mark Eley. All rights reserved.

An Introduction To US College Golf

18th October 2014

Like most UK golfers I was aware of College golf in the United States (US).  I had heard TV commentators reference the stellar college records of Phil Mickelson and Tiger Woods at various times.  I also knew that from our side of the pond Graeme MacDowell and Luke Donald had studied and played golf in the US and done very well.  As that was broadly the extent of my knowledge I thought I should try and find out a bit more.

Here are the 8 key points I discovered: –

1) There are about 1,300 colleges and universities across the US.  Not surprisingly each one is different in terms of student numbers, sports facilities, budgets and scholarship packages.  In Year 1 a student is a ‘Freshman’, Year 2 a ‘Sophomore’, Year 3 a ‘Junior’ and finally in Year 4 a ‘Senior’.

2) Non-profit Athletic Associations organise competitive men’s and women’s sport for the US colleges.  It is big business too.  The better men’s football and basketball teams play in front of huge crowds, matches are televised and these sports generate millions of dollars of revenue for their institutions.  All other sports, of which golf is one, whilst prestigious to differing degrees, are unprofitable to run for their colleges.  The primary Association is the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).  This body focuses on the larger colleges.  It has history too – the first men’s golf event being staged in 1897.  The National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) performs a similar role for smaller colleges.  It has held a men’s golf championship since 1952.  The National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) completes the group, arranging sporting events for community and junior colleges.  It held its first men’s golf championship in 1959.

3) Each Athletic Association is split into Conferences based on geographic regions.  Colleges are then split into different Divisions – normally I, II and III.  Generally, the larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III.  The NCAA, as it deals with the larger colleges with the most resources, is at the pinnacle of US college golf.  In turn the Division I colleges attract the best golfers as they offer the best coaches and practice facilities and compete in the elite competitions.  Division I of the NCAA is therefore the area that the interested observer should focus their attention on.

4) Only Division I and Division II schools can offer sports scholarships to athletes.  In Division I There are currently c.285 colleges offering men’s golf scholarships and c.255 offering financial support for women.  The NCAA allows 4.5 men’s and 6 women’s scholarship per college golf program.  A one week window exists in mid-November every year where National Letters of Intent (NLIs), essentially 12 month commitments for the following academic year, can be entered into by prospective students and institutions.   I believe there are currently c.100 GB&I golfers in the US College system.  Larger colleges run squads of between 7-12 players normally.  This can be problematic – particularly after the settling-in Freshman year – as most events are five person affairs, meaning some players struggle to get selected and therefore don’t get to play competitively.

5) The NCAA supports 31 regional Conferences for college’s that play men’s golf – 28 of them support women’s golf.  These are: – American Athletic; America Sky; Atlantic Coast; Atlantic Sun; Atlantic 10; Big East; Big South; Big Ten; Big 12; Big West, Colonial Athletic Association; Conference USA; Horizon League; Ivy League; Metro Atlantic Athletic, Mid-American; Mid-Eastern Athletic; Missouri Valley; Mountain West; Northeast; Ohio Valley; Pacific-12; Patriot League; Southeastern; Southern; Southland; Southwestern Athletic; Summit League; Sun Belt; Western Athletic; and West Coast.  The underlined ones have provided the better teams in recent years.

6) The Conferences and Divisions hold various regional competitions throughout the Fall and Spring seasons.  Five man teams compete for each college with additional team members playing individually sometimes.  From October onwards Golfstat publish Divisional rankings for the Teams and Individuals based on that season’s performances. These events are followed closely and act as a precursor to the NCAA finals series – Regionals followed by a National – which takes place every May.  Finals are held for each Division but the Division I event is clearly the US College Major.  The NCAA Division I Championship is given TV coverage by the Golf Channel in the USA.

7) The winners of each Conference are granted automatic entry to the Regional Championships.  The Golfstat rankings are then used by the NCAA Golf Committee to select the other teams and individuals that will participate.  In total 81 teams fight it out at six NCAA Division I Regional Championships held across the country.  The five teams with the lowest team scores at each of the Regional qualifiers progress for both the Team and Individual National championships.  The player not affiliated with one of the other teams in their Regional with the lowest score also progresses to play in the Individual event.

8) The NCAA Championship National Finals – the premier event in US College golf – is played annually at the end of May.  30 teams of five players plus six individual qualifiers take part, making a total field of 156 players.  Since 2015 the Women’s event has preceded the Men’s on the same course.  The men’s now consists of 54-holes of stroke play from Friday to Sunday before a cut is made.  Thereafter the top 15 teams and nine individuals not on an advancing team will play a final 18 holes on the Monday.  The results from these 72-holes will determine both the Individual Champion and the top eight teams that will advance to the Team match play stage.  The Team Champions, which is the primary focus of the NCAA, will then be finalised on the Tuesday and Wednesday.

 LSU NCAA DI Champions 2015

Louisiana State University – 2015 NCAA Division I Champions

Copyright © 2014-2017, Mark Eley. All rights reserved.

Golf Club Membership

13th October 2014

Two articles in the news caught my eye last week.

The first was England Golf’s announcement that they had appointed Lauren Spray as their new ‘Women and Girls’ Participation Manager’.  This is clearly a positive step which should help to attract more females to play the game.  A targeted programme and advisory group to support Clubs and Lauren will also be launched in 2015.  Golf is a male dominated sport in the UK with over 85% of players being men.  This is very different to all other establish golfing countries where woman and girls are much more strongly represented.

The second related to FA chairman Greg Dyke’s call for English football to adopt the NFL’s ‘Rooney Rule’ to help address the lack of black coaches and managers.  Of the 92 professional teams in England just two employ black managers – Chris Powell (Huddersfield) and Keith Curle (Carlisle).  The ‘Rooney Rule’, used in the NFL since 2003, says that teams must interview at least one black or ethnic minority candidate when hiring a new head coach.  Of the 32 teams in the NFL, four currently have black head coaches in charge.  This made me think about the lack of black and ethnic minority men (and women) paying golf and whether enough was being done to encourage their participation in golf too.

The positives that support golf participation are well known – health and fitness, the countryside and being outdoors, the handicap system and numerous course and competition options, to name just the main ones.  Therefore, in theory it shouldn’t be too difficult to persuade either women, girls or ethnic minorities to give golf a go.

Given the well publicised financial difficulties at many British golf clubs in recent years it is hard to understand why clubs haven’t been more proactive in driving both of the above membership areas to date.  The reason they haven’t and sadly why I don’t anticipate too much progress in the short-term is fairly obvious.  It is that they simply don’t want to.  Most private golf clubs in Britain are very traditional and dominated by male members whose average age is normally close to 60.  Sadly that demographic are anti-change – they know what they like and like what they know.  Whilst a generalisation, and few would openly admit to it, I believe a great many of these individuals are both racist and sexist. Until they become too infirm to play or have died and the next generation of members come through, more open-minded people who have been brought up and worked in a society where diversity and equality are taken for granted, I personally foresee little progress in these areas.

I hope I am proved wrong but without a change in the people who run private golf clubs and make membership policies and decisions I fear real progress in both areas is still a long way off.


Copyright © 2014, Mark Eley. All rights reserved.