16th October 2019 – Updated
There are two main amateur rankings, the World Amateur Golf Ranking (WAGR) and the Scratch Players World Amateur Ranking (SPWAR).
The WAGR is run by The R&A and USGA. It is currently based in St. Andrews albeit there are rumours that the USGA would like to move it to the U.S.A. and take control of it. Inevitably such plans will be difficult to implement given the bureaucracy and politics at play between the two governing bodies.
The SPWAR is a labour of love for Fred Solomon, who is based in San Francisco.
In summary the WAGR has credibility through its association with golf’s main governing bodies but lacks the clarity and accuracy of the SPWAR.
Here are my 11 main criticisms of the WAGR and the reasons why the SPWAR is better: –
1. There is no points ageing or amortisation in the WAGR. Points earned 24 months ago are currently treated the same as points earned last week. In the SPWAR points hold good for 30 days, then age daily to 80% after 90 days, then age in equal daily increments before being lost completely after two years.
2. The methodology, based on stroke averages per round, is too complicated (at least for me) with Counting Events, Ranking Scratch Scores, Divisors, Bonus Ranking Points and worst of all Participation Points. Take a look at the WAGR Guidance Notes to see for yourself. The WAGR Divisor means players with few competitive rounds can quickly become over ranked. The SPWAR seems easier to follow with points simply allocated on high finishing positions with the amount based on field quality, field size and rounds played. I should note that there is a lack of transparency around individual points from each event in the SPWAR as Mr. Soloman protects his exact ranking methodology.
3. Points are awarded in the WAGR to players even if they don’t finish an event. Point 2 leads to points being allocated to players for each round played rather than on finishing positions. Bailey Gill at the Biarritz Cup in July 2018 and Joe Pagdin at the Youth Olympic Games in October 2018 both enjoyed good opening rounds before withdrawing ahead of the final third round. If you click on the above links you will see both gained significant ranking points. Bailey’s Points Average for the event was 9.9398 which was higher than every other player bar the top 4 finishers. Joe received 7.8929, the 7th most from his field. The SPWAR utilises actual finishing positions to generate points, which seems more sensible to me. As such neither Bailey or Joe received any recognition for the above events in the SPWAR.
4. The WAGR’s treatment of team matches is another key weakness in their ranking. The WAGR simply gives everyone who participates in a team match the same points regardless of the result and individual performances. Just take a look at the WAGR point allocations for the Walker Cup, Arnold Palmer Cup, Home Internationals or Bonallack Trophy if you don’t believe me. Far more sensibly the SPWAR only awards points to those players who have contributed positively to the outcome of the match. Wins are weighted in favour of singles (+/- 2) over fourballs and foursomes (+/- 1) and then at the end of the match the total points won by each player are used to determine their SPWAR points allocation, if any.
5. The WAGR’s lack of points ageing and use of stroke averages and number of round divisors leads to players deliberately not playing in events to protect their rankings. The SPWAR is not interested in how many rounds are played but simply on rewarding players for good results.
6. With no ageing applied the WAGR often sees more dramatic position swings over time. Oppositely the SPWAR has more smooth and gradual changes because it applies points ageing.
7. Despite having a team of workers the WAGR covers significantly fewer events than the one-man band SPWAR and as a result is including fewer players and not tracking them as accurately as the SPWAR does. An obvious omission in the WAGR are all of the Qualifying Schools for the professional tours which are normally played over a minimum of 72 holes.
8. The WAGR are generally slow to remove new pros from their list, albeit they do seem to have improved since their new website was launched in June 2018. This is of course critical to the accuracy of any amateur ranking. Between September and February each year this is hard work and means the players, the various qualifying schools (see point 7) above) and satellite tours need to be followed closely. In my view the SPWAR has historically dealt with amateurs turning pro far more quickly thus maintaining the robustness of it’s listing.
9. The WAGR is strict on only including minimum 54-hole stroke play competitions. Therefore it also ignores all 36-hole events. So if an amateur does well in say Final Qualifying for The Open or US Open Sectional Qualifying he doesn’t get rewarded by the WAGR for it. Amateur golf is varied and the SPWAR shows the necessary flexibility for such high profile competitions. Quickly looking through the player record of any member of the SPWAR’s Top 100 normally throws up a ‘short’ event entry where points have been earned. The WAGR’s approach has recently led to 36 hole events pairing up to try and circumvent this rule and achieve WAGR recognition.
10. Weekly announcements may be acceptable in the pro game where virtually every tournament finishes on a Sunday but in the amateur game it is anything but. Competitions finish on every day of the week. The WAGR is released at 12 noon every Wednesday, the weekly update including events that finish up to and including the previous Sunday. Therefore if an event finishes on a Monday we have to wait nine days for it to be reflected in the WAGR. In the age of instant news and gratification this is unacceptable, particularly for the players. Mr. Solomon normally updates his SPWAR for all significant events within 24 hours, often within a few minutes of the final scores being posted. Smaller competitions are sometimes prioritised as less urgent, particularly in the busier summer season, but nearly always make it in before the WAGR update.
11. Anyone who follows GolfBible on Twitter or has read my website articles knows I analyse both rankings carefully. I often look at the WAGR and think ‘that ranking doesn’t look right’. I have also had correspondence with many players and parents expressing confusion over specific WAGR’s. Look at some of the GB&I and USA Men’s team selections to also see what the selectors think too. I have never looked at the SPWAR and questioned a ranking – the list just makes sense – and I rarely hear it criticised. If you look down both lists you will find some glaring ranking differences. In my opinion they always favour the SPWAR when assessed objectively (and can be explained by one of the weaknesses listed above).
I know amateur rankings aren’t perhaps a major priority for either The R&A or the USGA but for people that follow amateur golf this is really important.
For me, too many people are quoting and using the WAGR without understanding how flawed it really is. I am now increasingly ignoring the WAGR and just concentrating on the SPWAR.
In their September 2018 new strategic playbook The R&A stated they wish to ‘promote WAGR as the definitive world ranking in the amateur sport’. Well let’s be clear the WAGR is easily second best at the moment and showing no signs of catching up its main rival, the SPWAR. It will be interesting to see if they can achieve their goal in the coming years.
APPENDIX: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE AMATEUR RANKINGS
The World Amateur Golf Ranking (WAGR) was launched on 23rd January 2007. It was established by David Moir, a member of staff in The R&A’s entries department.
Its origins lie in the handicap balloting out of the reigning Australian Amateur champion, Andrew Martin, at the 2004 Amateur Championship. It was clear that because of different handicapping systems around the world the adoption of lowest handicap as the primary entry criteria was no longer appropriate. A new approach or safety net was needed to ensure that such errors were not made again and that playing fields were always at their strongest.
Andy McDonald took over from Mr. Moir in 2008 and headed up the team within R&A Championships Ltd that manages he WAGR until late 2017 when he retired. Ian Scott replaced him. The 2014 Golfer’s Handbook said a team of five people work on the WAGR (men’s and women’s).
2011 was an important year for the WAGR. It started to produce a Women’s ranking but more importantly gained the endorsement of the USGA, giving it credibility around the world.
On 21st June 2018 the WAGR updated its website introducing some new features.
In 1999 Fred Solomon, a scratch golfer and pensions executive from San Francisco, established the Scratch Players Group with some friends. They planned to create a tour for elite golfers, amateur and pro, providing assistance with hosting tournaments ambitiously around the world.
In 2002 Mr. Solomon started to contemplate putting together a world amateur ranking to support their work. However, it was not until February 2004 that work started on the Scratch Players World Amateur Ranking (SPWAR).
After compiling and testing his list in 2005 and 2006 Mr. Solomon launched the SPWAR on the internet on 13th January 2007. This was 10 days before the WAGR so was the first to be released.
Mr. Solomon sought to gain the buy in of the USGA to his ranking which quickly became popular with event organisers in the United States. To his disappointment, but presumably not surprise, after some delay the USGA decided to endorse the WAGR at their annual meeting in February 2011. Mr. Solomon argues that the SPWAR was superior at all times prior to, at the time of and since this decision was made.
Fred Solomon continues to work on the SPWAR alone and with out recompense. His only reward being that the “Gold Standard”, as he calls it, male-only SPWAR is generally accepted as being superior to the WAGR. Despite the USGA’s support interestingly virtually all of the non-USGA events in the USA use the SPWAR exclusively or as their dominant entry criteria ranking.
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